itsIslam - share knowledge itsIslam - share knowledge
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
itsIslam - share knowledge itsIslam - share knowledge
Home
Basics
Quran Audio and Translation
Naats
Islamic Articles
Lectures by Islamic Scholars
Islamic Picture Gallery
You are here: Home > Articles > Marrying more than one woman
Categories
Allah (SWT)
1. Allah the Creator and Lord of Universe
2. Attributes of Allah Almighty
3. Concept of God in Islam
4. Getting closer to Allah
5. Infinite Powers of Allah
Beliefs and Worships
1. 8 ways to boost your Ramadan spirit
2. Behavior of Old and Young
3. Caring for the Orphans and Weak
4. Cleanliness and Beautification in Islam
5. For Whom Fasting is Mandatory?
6. Hajj
7. Human Rights in Islam
8. Itikaf: Spiritual Retreat in Ramadan
9. Kindness to Daughters
10. Lessons of Fasting in Ramadan
11. Marriage Proposals
12. Marriage to Women of People of the Book
13. Marrying more than one Woman
14. Merits of Fasting
15. Mutual Rights of Husband and Wife
16. No Monasticism in Islam
17. Our On Going Test
18. Prayers
19. Prohibition of a Muslim Woman Marrying a Non-Muslim
20. Ramadan (Fasting) - month of forbearance and brotherhood
21. Rights of Neighbors
22. Rights of Relatives
23. Sadaqat-ul-Fitr (Charity of Ramadan)
24. Seeing the Woman before Marriage
25. Ten Goals for Ramadan
26. Treating Children Equally
27. Treatment of Slaves And Servants
28. Why Marrying More Than One Permitted?
29. Woman In Islam - 1
30. Woman In Islam - 2
31. Women To Whom Marriage is Prohibited
32. Zakat (Charity or Alms)
Islam
1. Basics of becoming Muslim
2. Beliefs and Practices
3. Brief History of Islam
4. Days and Dates of Islamic significance
5. Dealing with Anti Islamic Websites
6. Holy Days of Islam
7. Ibadaat during Last Ten Days of Ramadan
8. Introduction to Islam
9. Islam, A World Civilization
10. Islamic Calendar
11. Lailat ul-Qadr (The Night of Power)
Islam and Science
1. Biology by Muslims
2. Chemistry by Muslims
3. Experimental Methods by Muslims
4. Transmission of Sciences
Islamic Scholars
1. Imam Maalik
2. Imam Shafie
3. Physics by Muslims
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
1. Characteristics of Prophet Muhammad
2. Last Sermon by Prophet (PBUH)
3. Life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
Stories of Prophets
1. Prophet Adam (PBUH)
2. Prophet Ayub (PBUH)
3. Prophet Aziz (PBUH)
4. Prophet Dawood (PBUH)
5. Prophet Huud (PBUH)
6. Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH)
7. Prophet Idris (PBUH)
8. Prophet Isa (Jesus) (PBUH)
9. Prophet Ismail (PBUH)
10. Prophet Lut (PBUH)
11. Prophet Musa (Moses) (PBUH)
12. Prophet Nuh (Noah) (PBUH)
13. Prophet Salih (PBUH)
14. Prophet Shoaib (PBUH)
15. Prophet Yahya (PBUH)
16. Prophet Yaqub (PBUH)
17. Prophet Zakariya (PBUH)

Marrying more than one woman

Islam is a way of life consonant with nature, providing human solutions to complex situations and avoiding extremes. This characteristic of Islam can be observed most clearly in its stand concerning the taking of more than one wife. Islam permits the Muslim to marry more than one woman in order to resolve some very pressing human problems, individual as well as social.

Many peoples and religions prior to Islam permitted marriage to a host of women, whose number reached tens and sometimes hundreds, without any condition or restriction. Islam, on the other hand, laid down definite restrictions and conditions for polygamy. With regard to the restriction, it limited to four the maximum number of wives a man might have.

When Ghailan al-Thaqafi accepted Islam, he had ten wives. “Choose four of them and divorce the rest,” the Prophet Muhammad (peace be on him) told him (Reported by al-Shafi’i, Ahmad, al-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Darqutni, and Bayhaqi).

Similarly, some men who had eight (Reported by Abu Daoud in his Musnad.) or five wives at the time of embracing Islam were told by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be on him) to retain only four (Reported by Ahmad, al-Darimi, Ibn Hibban, al-Hakim, and the compilers of Sunan (Abu Daoud, al-Nisai, and Ibn Majah).)

The case of the Prophet (peace be on him), who himself had nine wives, was exempted from this by Allah (SWT) for the sake of da’wah (the propagation of the message of Islam) during his lifetime and because of the need of the Muslim ummah after his death.

Justice Among Wives - A Condition

The condition which Islam lays down for permitting a man to have more than one wife is confidence on his part that he will be able to deal equitably with his two or more wives in the matter of food, drink, housing, clothing and expenses, as well as in the division of his time between them. Anyone who lacks the assurance that he will be able to fulfill all these obligations with justice and equality is prohibited by Allah (SWT) from marrying more than one woman.

Allah (SWT) says:

"...But if you fear that you will not be able to do justice (among them), then (marry) only one...." (Surah 4: Verse 3)

And the Prophet Muhammad (peace be on him) said,

“Anyone who has two wives and does not treat them equally will come on the Day of Resurrection dragging one part of his body which will be hanging down.” (Reported by the compilers of Sunan and by Ibn Hibban and al-Hakim.)

The equal treatment mentioned here pertains to the rights of the wives, not to the love the husband feels towed them. For equality in the division of love is beyond human capacity and any imbalance in this regard is forgiven by Allah Ta’ala who says:

"And you will not be able to do justice among (your) wives, however much you may wish to. But do not turn away (from one of them) altogether...." (Surah 4: Verse 129)

This is why the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) used to divide his time among his wives equally, saying,

“O Allah, this is my division in regard to what I can control. Then do not take me to task regarding what Thou controllest and I do not control” (Reported by the compilers of Sunan.), referring to the attachment and affection which he felt for one particular wife.

And when he planned to go on a journey, Allah’s Messenger (peace be on him) would cast lots among his wives, and the one who was chosen by lot would accompany him. (Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

Article Contributed by: itsIslam Staff



Follow us on:
Follow us on Facebook

Contribute

If you like this site, then please Contribute and support us.

If you like this site, then please Contribute to support us.
2005 - 2016, itsIslam - share knowledge, All rights reserved.
Powered by: Habibz Inc. - Part of itsPakistan Network